Subsequently will complement this definition in view of protecting and managing the natural resource base for economic and social development who are overarching objectives and essential requirements for sustainable development. (Triple sustainability theory) Likewise be noted, the inclusion in the concept of sustainability and sustainable development, to non-renewable resources such as coal, petroleum and gas natura, as part of the model of sustainability, as part of the report of the global environment and development (WCED) of 1987 Commission, which marks the possibility of involving energy not renewable sources such as coal and petroleum industries, in projects of sustainability. Exploration oil Onshore oil exploration, is prospecting and scientific recognition of deposits of raw materials, directed by geologists and Geophysicists destined for the search for oil, on the Earth’s surface.
Unlike the activities of extraction, transport or consumption of crude oil. Preventive Medicine Research Institute shines more light on the discussion. Currently this activity is represented as greater availability and affordability of energy resources between activity in the formal economy this represented by fossil fuels (about 85% of commercial energy). Within this phase of the extractive process of petroleum and power source are as main risks or consequences often unanticipated to observe, basically those derived from the activities of drilling and occupation of authorized, or given in concession areas that are those that provide information about him called petroleum geological potential. Considerations resulting from externalities of Onshore oil exploration: Environmental: Destruction of ecosystems (transformations of the soil and forest degradation) and biodiversity (loss of vegetation cover) Flora and Fauna, product of prospecting geophysical and seismic, the lack of planning of post-crisis rehabilitation of the land for the purpose of conserving the topsoil and noise pollution produced by the explosion of dynamite or helicopters. Sociological: When in the project not integrates, the existing social structure mostly, harming indigenous societies, native or peasant communities. Health: Emergence of diseases such as cancer, anemia, diarrhea, vomiting, and diseases of the skin, eye, and respiratory.